Maritime Industry Leaders to explore Ammonia as Marine Fuel in Singapore

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A.P. Moller – Maersk A/S, Fleet Management Limited, Keppel Offshore & Marine, Maersk Mc-Kinney Moller Center for Zero Carbon Shipping, Sumitomo Corporation and Yara International ASA are pleased to announce that the parties have entered into a Memorandum of Understanding to conduct a feasibility study jointly (hereinafter “Study”) to be one of the pioneers in establishing a comprehensive and competitive supply chain for the provision of green ammonia1 ship-to-ship bunkering at the Port of Singapore, the largest bunkering port in the world.

Emitting zero CO2 when combusted, ammonia has long been considered one of the most promising alternative marine fuels to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions within the shipping industry, which is in line with the International Maritime Organization (IMO) strategy to reduce CO2 emission by 2050. In particular, green ammonia possesses great potential as it is produced from only renewable electricity, water and air with no CO2 emission.

The study aims to cover the entire end-to-end supply chain of ammonia bunkering, which includes developing a cost-effective green1 ammonia supply chain, the design of ammonia bunkering vessels, as well as related supply chain infrastructure. Relevant government agencies and experts in Singapore will be engaged in the standardization of safe operation and regulations. The study will assess ammonia supply, including potential synergies with Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) as a starting point. Considering the comparable requirements for mild refrigerated storage, vessels or barges initially designed for LPG can also handle brown3, blue2 and green1 ammonia.

Alongside Methanol, at A. P. Moller – Maersk, we see green ammonia as an important future fuel for our fleet’s decarbonisation. A dual fuel Ammonia engine is currently under development, but for green ammonia to fuel our vessels in the future, we also have supply, infrastructure and safety-related challenges to solve, not least when it comes to bunkering operations. We are pleased to work with renowned companies in this field to pave the way for Ammonia as a future fuel to decarbonise global shipping.

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